Administration of Justice (ADJ) at Blue Ridge Community College


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ADJ 100 - Survey of Criminal Justice
Presents an overview of the United States criminal justice system; introduces the major system components--law enforcement, judiciary, and corrections.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 105 - The Juvenile Justice System
Presents the evolution, philosophy, structures and processes of the American juvenile delinquency system; surveys the right of juveniles, dispositional alternatives, rehabilitation methods and current trends.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 110 - Introduction to Law Enforcement
Studies the philosophy and history of law enforcement, presenting an overview of the crime problem and policy response issues. Surveys the jurisdictions and organizations of local, state, and federal law enforcement agencies. Examines the qualification requirements and career opportunities in the law enforcement profession.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 111 - Law Enforcement Organization & Administration I
Teaches the principles of organization and administration of law enforcement agencies. Studies the management of line operations, staff and auxiliary services, investigative and juvenile units. Introduces the concept of data processing; examines policies, procedures, rules, and regulations pertaining to crime prevention. Surveys concepts of protection of life and property, detection of offenses, and apprehension of offenders. Prerequisite for ADJ 112, divisional approval or ADJ 111. Part I of II.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 112 - Law Enforcement Organization & Administration II
Teaches the principles of organization and administration of law enforcement agencies. Studies the management of line operations, staff and auxiliary services, investigative and juvenile units. Introduces the concept of data processing; examines policies, procedures, rules, and regulations pertaining to crime prevention. Surveys concepts of protection of life and property, detection of offenses, and apprehension of offenders. Prerequisite for ADJ 112, divisional approval or ADJ 111. Part II of II.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 115 - Patrol Procedures
Describes, instructs and evaluates street-level procedures commonly employed by patrol officers in everyday law enforcement operations.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 116 - Special Enforcement Topics
Considers contemporary issues, problems, and controversies in modern law enforcement.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 117 - Police Communications and Records
Introduces the principles for the organization and administration of law enforcement communications and records. Examines relationships of custody, central services, and agency logistics to the communications and records operation.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 120 - Introduction to Courts
Presents an overview of the American judiciary--the federal and 50 state judicial systems--with emphasis on criminal court structures, functions, and personnel; surveys the judicial system in Commonwealth of Virginia.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 127 - Firearms and Marksmanship
Surveys lethal weapons in current use and current views on weapon types and ammunition design. Examines the legal guidelines as to use of deadly force, safety in handling of weaponry, and weapon care and cleaning; marksmanship instruction under standard range conditions. Prerequisite permission of instructor.
Lecture 0-2 hours. Laboratory 2-3 hours. Total 2-5 hours per week.
Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor to enroll. No felony conviction or legal prohibition to possess ammunition of firearms under local, state or federal law.
1-3 credits
View ADJ 127 Course Content Summary
ADJ 128 - Patrol Administration and Operations
Studies the goals, methods and techniques of police patrol with focus on the norms which govern work behavior in a police career. Examines the responsibilities of administrators and field supervisors of patrol in the local and state law enforcement agencies.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 131 - Legal Evidence
Surveys the identification, degrees, and admissibility of evidence for criminal prosecution; examines pre-trial and trial procedures as they pertain to the rules of evidence.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 133 - Ethics and the Criminal Justice Professional
Examines ethical dilemmas pertaining to the criminal justice system, including those in policing, courts and corrections. Focuses on some of the specific ethical choices that must be made by the criminal justice professional.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 140 - Introduction to Corrections
Focuses on societal responses to the offender. Traces the evolution of practices based on philosophies of retribution, deterrence, and rehabilitation. Reviews contemporary correctional activities and their relationships to other aspects of the criminal justice system.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 145 - Corrections and the Community
Studies and evaluates the relationships and interactions between correctional organizations and free society. Focuses on the shared responsibility of the community and corrections agencies to develop effective programs for management and treatment of criminal offenders.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 146 - Adult Correctional Institutions
Describes the structures, functions, and goals of state and federal correctional institutions (prisons, farms, community-based units, etc.) for adult inmates.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 147 - Local Adult Detention Facilities
Studies security procedures in adult detention facilities, the criteria for effective supervision of inmates, the correctional aspects of inmate discipline, and the handling of "special inmates." Presents concepts, programs, and planning considerations for jail management and the operation of adult detention facilities.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 150 - Introduction to Security Administration
Introduces the student to the field of private security--its history, structures, functions, and personnel; surveys the principles and practices of security administration.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 157 - Computer Security
Examines security concerns with access controls, shutdown alternatives, hardware and software protection, and data encryption.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 160 - Police Response to Critical Incidents
Provides a basic introduction to incident command and emerging trends. Addresses bomb threats; hostage/barricade situations; attacks on institutions such as schools and hospitals; criminal hazmat; terrorist, militia/paramilitary, and extended crime scene evidence collection scenarios; and other long term or large scale events.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 161 - Introduction to Computer Crime
Provides a basic introduction to the nature of computer crimes, computer criminals, relevant law, investigative techniques, and emerging trends.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 162 - Introduction to Sex Crimes
Provides a basic introduction to sex crimes. Covers relevant law, investigative techniques, cybersex crimes and criminals, application of criminal investigative analysis, and future trends.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 163 - Crime Analysis and Intelligence
Provides a basic introduction to crime analysis and criminal intelligence. covers the need, structure and function within the law enforcement agency, relevant law, and future trends.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 164 - Case Studies in Murder/Violent Crime
Introduces the student to the investigation of murder and other violent crimes by means of classic case studies and, to the extent feasible, local case files. Includes methodology, strategy and tactics, analysis, relevant law, and future trends. Covers evidentiary techniques and technologies with a primary focus on how critical thinking is applied to serious violent crime.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 168 - Computer Applications in Administration of Justice
Provides instruction in the techniques and practices used to identify the automation needs of criminal justice agencies; covers the use of computer applications in the processing of operational and administrative records and standardized reports; discusses the use of rational data base applications to develop specialized reports. Prerequisite CIS 100 or CIS 110 or divisional approval.
Lecture 3-4 hours per week.
3-4 credits
ADJ 170 - Steet Gangs and Law Enforcement
Teaches the philosophy and history of gangs in America through the eyes of law enforcement, courts, corrections and the citizenry. Examines methods by which law enforcement defines the gang problem and intervenes in gang membership. Explores gang globalization; differentiates street gangs and terrorist cells.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 171 - Forensic Science I
Introduces student to crime scene technology, procedures for sketching, diagramming and using casting materials. Surveys the concepts of forensic chemistry, fingerprint classification/identification and latent techniques, drug identification, hair and fiber evidence, death investigation techniques, thin-layer chromatographic methods, and arson materials examination. Part I of II.
Lecture 3-4 hours. Laboratory 0-3 hours. Total 3-6 hours per week.
3-4 credits
ADJ 177 - Digital Evidence and Forensics
Provides an introduction to knowledge and skills required to identify, preserve and collect digital evidence in criminal investigations, adhere to legal search and seizure requirements when collecting digital evidence, and maintain chain of custody as this pertains to criminal investigation.
Credits 3 hours. Lecture 3 hours. Total hours 3 per week.
3 credits
View ADJ 177 Course Content Summary
ADJ 195 - Topics In
Provides an opportunity to explore topical areas of interest to or needed by students.
May be used also for special honors courses. May be repeated for credit. Variable hours.
1-5 credits
ADJ 199 - Supervised Study
Assigns problems for independent study incorporating previous instruction and supervised by the instructor.
May be repeated for credit. Variable hours.
1-5 credits
ADJ 211 - Criminal Law, Evidence and Procedures I
Teaches the elements of proof for major and common crimes and the legal classification of offenses. Studies the kinds, degrees and admissibility of evidence and its presentation in criminal proceedings with emphasis on legal guidelines for methods and techniques of evidence acquisition. Surveys the procedural requirements from arrest to final disposition in the various American court systems with focus on the Virginia jurisdiction. Part I of II.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 212 - Criminal Law, Evidence and Procedures II
Teaches the elements of proof for major and common crimes and the legal classification of offenses. Studies the kinds, degrees and admissibility of evidence and its presentation in criminal proceedings with emphasis on legal guidelines for methods and techniques of evidence acquisition. Surveys the procedural requirements from arrest to final disposition in the various American court systems with focus on the Virginia jurisdiction. Part II of II.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 215 - Report Writing
Introduces the basic mechanics and procedures of report writing; emphasizes clear, concise and accurate writing of communications as they relate to law enforcement records, investigations, and research.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 216 - Organized Crime and Corruption
Addresses judicial efforts against and involvement in corruption, drug, vice, and white-collar crimes, both individual and organized.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 227 - Constitutional Law for Justice Personnel
Surveys the basic guarantees of liberty described in the U. S. Constitution and the historical development of these restrictions on government power, primarily through U. S. Supreme Court decisions. Reviews rights of free speech, press, assembly, as well as criminal procedure guarantees (to counsel, jury trial, habeas corpus, etc.) as they apply to the activities of those in the criminal justice system.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 228 - Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs
Surveys the historical and current usage of narcotics and dangerous drugs. Teaches the identification and classification of such drugs and emphasizes the symptoms and effects on their users. Examines investigative methods and procedures utilized in law enforcement efforts against illicit drug usage.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 229 - Law Enforcement and the Community
Considers current efforts by law enforcement personnel to achieve an effective working relationship with the community. Surveys and analyzes various interactive approaches of law enforcement agencies and the citizenry they serve.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 232 - Domestic Violence
Surveys historical issues that have affected family violence. Examines current trends in the context of the criminal justice system.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 234 - Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism
Surveys the historical and current practices of terrorism that are national, transnational, or domestic in origin. Includes biological, chemical, nuclear, and cyber-terrorism. Teaches the identification and classification of terrorist organizations, violent political groups and issue-oriented militant movements. Examines investigative methods and procedures utilized in counter terrorist efforts domestically and internationally.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 236 - Principles of Criminal Investigation
Surveys the fundamentals of criminal investigation procedures and techniques. Examines crime scene search, collecting, handling and preserving of evidence.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 240 - Techniques of Interviewing
Provides the student with essential skills and techniques necessary to obtain quality information from victims, witnesses, and suspects, regarding criminal activity. Emphasizes locations and settings for interviews, kinesics, proxemics, and paralinguistics of both the interviewer and interviewee.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 241 - Correctional Law
Studies the legal rights and obligations of the convict- probationer, inmate, and parolee. surveys methods of enforcing both rights and obligations and the responsibilities of corrections agencies and personnel under correctional law (constitutional, statutory, and regulatory provisions).
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 245 - Management of Correctional Facilities
Describes management options and operational implications for staffing, security, safety, and treatment. Considers impact of changes in public policy on corrections.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 246 - Correctional Counseling
Presents concepts and principles of interviewing and counseling as applied in the correctional setting.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 248 - Probation, Parole, and Treatment
Surveys the philosophy, history, organization, personnel and functioning of traditional and innovative probation and parole programs; considers major treatment models for clients.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 277 - Advanced Digital Evidence and Forensics
Provides advanced knowledge and skills required to identify, preserve and collect digital evidence in criminal investigations, adhere to legal search and seizure requirements when collecting digital evidence, and maintain chain of custody as this pertains to criminal investigation.
Credits 3 hours. Lecture 3 hours. Total hours 3 per week.
3 credits
View ADJ 277 Course Content Summary
ADJ 290 - Coordinated Internship
Supervises on-the-job training in selected business, industrial or service firms coordinated by the college.
Credit/practice ratio not to exceed 1:5 hours. May be repeated for credit. Variable hours.
1-5 credits
ADJ 295 - Topics In
Provides an opportunity to explore topical areas of interest to or needed by students.
May be used also for special honors courses. May be repeated for credit. Variable hours.
1-5 credits
ADJ 296 - On-Site Training
Specializes in career orientation and training program without pay in selected businesses and industry, supervised and coordinated by the college.
Credit/work ratio not to exceed 1:5 hours. May be repeated for credit. Variable hours.
1-5 credits
ADJ 298 - Seminar and Project
Requires completion of a project or research report related to the student's occupational objectives and a study of approaches to the selection and pursuit of career opportunities in the field.
May be repeated for credit. Variable hours.
1-5 credits