Administration of Justice (ADJ) at Germanna Community College


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ADJ 100 - Survey of Criminal Justice
Presents an overview of the United States criminal justice system; introduces the major system components--law enforcement, judiciary, and corrections.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 105 - The Juvenile Justice System
Presents the evolution, philosophy, structures and processes of the American juvenile delinquency system; surveys the right of juveniles, dispositional alternatives, rehabilitation methods and current trends.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 110 - Introduction to Law Enforcement
Studies the philosophy and history of law enforcement, presenting an overview of the crime problem and policy response issues. Surveys the jurisdictions and organizations of local, state, and federal law enforcement agencies. Examines the qualification requirements and career opportunities in the law enforcement profession.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 111 - Law Enforcement Organization & Administration I
Teaches the principles of organization and administration of law enforcement agencies. Studies the management of line operations, staff and auxiliary services, investigative and juvenile units. Introduces the concept of data processing; examines policies, procedures, rules, and regulations pertaining to crime prevention. Surveys concepts of protection of life and property, detection of offenses, and apprehension of offenders. Prerequisite for ADJ 112, divisional approval or ADJ 111. Part I of II.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 116 - Special Enforcement Topics
Considers contemporary issues, problems, and controversies in modern law enforcement.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 117 - Police Communications and Records
Introduces the principles for the organization and administration of law enforcement communications and records. Examines relationships of custody, central services, and agency logistics to the communications and records operation.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 127 - Firearms and Marksmanship
Surveys lethal weapons in current use and current views on weapon types and ammunition design. Examines the legal guidelines as to use of deadly force, safety in handling of weaponry, and weapon care and cleaning; marksmanship instruction under standard range conditions. Prerequisite permission of instructor.
Lecture 0-2 hours. Laboratory 2-3 hours. Total 2-5 hours per week.
Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor to enroll. No felony conviction or legal prohibition to possess ammunition of firearms under local, state or federal law.
1-3 credits
View ADJ 127 Course Content Summary
ADJ 130 - Introduction to Criminal Law
Surveys the general principles of American criminal law, the elements of major crimes, and the basic steps of prosecution procedure.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 133 - Ethics and the Criminal Justice Professional
Examines ethical dilemmas pertaining to the criminal justice system, including those in policing, courts and corrections. Focuses on some of the specific ethical choices that must be made by the criminal justice professional.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 138 - Defensive Tactics
Surveys and demonstrates the various types of non-lethal force tools and tactics for use by criminal justice personnel in self-defense, arrest, search, restraint and transport of those in custody.
Lecture 1-2 hours per week. Total 1-2 hours per week.
1-2 credits
View ADJ 138 Course Content Summary
ADJ 140 - Introduction to Corrections
Focuses on societal responses to the offender. Traces the evolution of practices based on philosophies of retribution, deterrence, and rehabilitation. Reviews contemporary correctional activities and their relationships to other aspects of the criminal justice system.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 160 - Police Response to Critical Incidents
Provides a basic introduction to incident command and emerging trends. Addresses bomb threats; hostage/barricade situations; attacks on institutions such as schools and hospitals; criminal hazmat; terrorist, militia/paramilitary, and extended crime scene evidence collection scenarios; and other long term or large scale events.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 161 - Introduction to Computer Crime
Provides a basic introduction to the nature of computer crimes, computer criminals, relevant law, investigative techniques, and emerging trends.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 162 - Introduction to Sex Crimes
Provides a basic introduction to sex crimes. Covers relevant law, investigative techniques, cybersex crimes and criminals, application of criminal investigative analysis, and future trends.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 164 - Case Studies in Murder/Violent Crime
Introduces the student to the investigation of murder and other violent crimes by means of classic case studies and, to the extent feasible, local case files. Includes methodology, strategy and tactics, analysis, relevant law, and future trends. Covers evidentiary techniques and technologies with a primary focus on how critical thinking is applied to serious violent crime.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 171 - Forensic Science I
Introduces student to crime scene technology, procedures for sketching, diagramming and using casting materials. Surveys the concepts of forensic chemistry, fingerprint classification/identification and latent techniques, drug identification, hair and fiber evidence, death investigation techniques, thin-layer chromatographic methods, and arson materials examination. Part I of II.
Lecture 3-4 hours. Laboratory 0-3 hours. Total 3-6 hours per week.
3-4 credits
ADJ 172 - Forensic Science II
Introduces student to crime scene technology, procedures for sketching, diagramming and using casting materials. Surveys the concepts of forensic chemistry, fingerprint classification/identification and latent techniques, drug identification, hair and fiber evidence, death investigation techniques, thin-layer chromatographic methods, and arson materials examination. Part II of II.
Lecture 3-4 hours. Laboratory 0-3 hours. Total 3-6 hours per week.
3-4 credits
ADJ 173 - Forensic Photography I
Surveys fundamental photographic skills--exposure, composition, film, filters, darkroom materials and procedures. Emphasizes use of photography for law enforcement purposes and for courtroom presentation. Considers current status and trends in photographic law. Part I of II.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 174 - Forensic Photography II
Surveys fundamental photographic skills--exposure, composition, film, filters, darkroom materials and procedures. Emphasizes use of photography for law enforcement purposes and for courtroom presentation. Considers current status and trends in photographic law. Part II of II.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 201 - Criminology
Studies current and historical data pertaining to criminal and other deviant behavior. Examines theories that explain crime and criminal behavior in human society.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 211 - Criminal Law, Evidence and Procedures I
Teaches the elements of proof for major and common crimes and the legal classification of offenses. Studies the kinds, degrees and admissibility of evidence and its presentation in criminal proceedings with emphasis on legal guidelines for methods and techniques of evidence acquisition. Surveys the procedural requirements from arrest to final disposition in the various American court systems with focus on the Virginia jurisdiction. Part I of II.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 212 - Criminal Law, Evidence and Procedures II
Teaches the elements of proof for major and common crimes and the legal classification of offenses. Studies the kinds, degrees and admissibility of evidence and its presentation in criminal proceedings with emphasis on legal guidelines for methods and techniques of evidence acquisition. Surveys the procedural requirements from arrest to final disposition in the various American court systems with focus on the Virginia jurisdiction. Part II of II.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 225 - Courts and the Administration of Justice
Studies court systems with emphasis on the technical procedures required, from incident occurrence to final disposition of the case, noting the applicable principles of civil and criminal law; focuses on Virginia courts, laws, and procedures. Prerequisite ADJ 130 or divisional approval.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 227 - Constitutional Law for Justice Personnel
Surveys the basic guarantees of liberty described in the U. S. Constitution and the historical development of these restrictions on government power, primarily through U. S. Supreme Court decisions. Reviews rights of free speech, press, assembly, as well as criminal procedure guarantees (to counsel, jury trial, habeas corpus, etc.) as they apply to the activities of those in the criminal justice system.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 229 - Law Enforcement and the Community
Considers current efforts by law enforcement personnel to achieve an effective working relationship with the community. Surveys and analyzes various interactive approaches of law enforcement agencies and the citizenry they serve.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 231 - Community Policing
Examines the history of police-community relations and the role of both the community and the police in establishing a crime fighting partnership for success. Emphasizes building relationships between police officers and the community they serve. Includes case studies from various cities that have undertaken the philosophy of community policing.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 232 - Domestic Violence
Surveys historical issues that have affected family violence. Examines current trends in the context of the criminal justice system.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 234 - Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism
Surveys the historical and current practices of terrorism that are national, transnational, or domestic in origin. Includes biological, chemical, nuclear, and cyber-terrorism. Teaches the identification and classification of terrorist organizations, violent political groups and issue-oriented militant movements. Examines investigative methods and procedures utilized in counter terrorist efforts domestically and internationally.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 236 - Principles of Criminal Investigation
Surveys the fundamentals of criminal investigation procedures and techniques. Examines crime scene search, collecting, handling and preserving of evidence.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 243 - Homeland Security and Law
Covers relationships abroad, the mission of federal, state, and local government at home, and the best way to provide for the common defense. Examines homeland security and emergency management, the Federal Emergency Management Agency's place in public policy, law, and management, homeland security initiatives, and new partnerships for homeland security covering the government, private sector and higher education. Discusses civil rights issues, the USA Patriot Act; future challenges and roles of intelligence agencies; foreign policy aspects and views.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite ADJ 111
3 credits
View ADJ 243 Course Content Summary
ADJ 247 - Criminal Behavior
Introduces and evaluates the concepts of normal and abnormal behavior. Focuses on the psychological and sociological aspects of criminal and other deviant behavior patterns.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 248 - Probation, Parole, and Treatment
Surveys the philosophy, history, organization, personnel and functioning of traditional and innovative probation and parole programs; considers major treatment models for clients.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 290 - Coordinated Internship
Supervises on-the-job training in selected business, industrial or service firms coordinated by the college.
Credit/practice ratio not to exceed 1:5 hours. May be repeated for credit. Variable hours.
1-5 credits