Administration of Justice (ADJ) at Northern Virginia Community College


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ADJ 100 - Survey of Criminal Justice
Presents an overview of the United States criminal justice system; introduces the major system components--law enforcement, judiciary, and corrections.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 105 - The Juvenile Justice System
Presents the evolution, philosophy, structures and processes of the American juvenile delinquency system; surveys the right of juveniles, dispositional alternatives, rehabilitation methods and current trends.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 107 - Survey of Criminology
Surveys the volume and scope of crime; considers a variety of theories developed to explain the causation of crime and criminality.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 110 - Introduction to Law Enforcement
Studies the philosophy and history of law enforcement, presenting an overview of the crime problem and policy response issues. Surveys the jurisdictions and organizations of local, state, and federal law enforcement agencies. Examines the qualification requirements and career opportunities in the law enforcement profession.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 111 - Law Enforcement Organization & Administration I
Teaches the principles of organization and administration of law enforcement agencies. Studies the management of line operations, staff and auxiliary services, investigative and juvenile units. Introduces the concept of data processing; examines policies, procedures, rules, and regulations pertaining to crime prevention. Surveys concepts of protection of life and property, detection of offenses, and apprehension of offenders. Prerequisite for ADJ 112, divisional approval or ADJ 111. Part I of II.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 112 - Law Enforcement Organization & Administration II
Teaches the principles of organization and administration of law enforcement agencies. Studies the management of line operations, staff and auxiliary services, investigative and juvenile units. Introduces the concept of data processing; examines policies, procedures, rules, and regulations pertaining to crime prevention. Surveys concepts of protection of life and property, detection of offenses, and apprehension of offenders. Prerequisite for ADJ 112, divisional approval or ADJ 111. Part II of II.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 116 - Special Enforcement Topics
Considers contemporary issues, problems, and controversies in modern law enforcement.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 118 - Crisis Intervention and Critical Issues
Addresses basic problems involved in crisis intervention and current critical issues in law enforcement and the administration of justice; emphasizes practical approaches to discover and implement solutions.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 120 - Introduction to Courts
Presents an overview of the American judiciary--the federal and 50 state judicial systems--with emphasis on criminal court structures, functions, and personnel; surveys the judicial system in Commonwealth of Virginia.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 127 - Firearms and Marksmanship
Surveys lethal weapons in current use and current views on weapon types and ammunition design. Examines the legal guidelines as to use of deadly force, safety in handling of weaponry, and weapon care and cleaning; marksmanship instruction under standard range conditions. Prerequisite permission of instructor.
Lecture 0-2 hours. Laboratory 2-3 hours. Total 2-5 hours per week.
Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor to enroll. No felony conviction or legal prohibition to possess ammunition of firearms under local, state or federal law.
1-3 credits
View ADJ 127 Course Content Summary
ADJ 133 - Ethics and the Criminal Justice Professional
Examines ethical dilemmas pertaining to the criminal justice system, including those in policing, courts and corrections. Focuses on some of the specific ethical choices that must be made by the criminal justice professional.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 134 - Collection and Preservation of Physical Evidence
Surveys fundamental evidence collection procedures, including recognition, selection, handling, packaging and marking. Examines ways to prevent alteration, contamination, damage and tampering. Emphasizes legal requirements for a continuous chain of possession.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 139 - Private Detectives/Investigators
Instructs the student in investigative techniques, criminal law and procedure, rules of evidence, the techniques and mechanics of arrest. Meets state certification requirements for private investigators licensing.
Lecture 3-5 hours per week.
3-5 credits
ADJ 140 - Introduction to Corrections
Focuses on societal responses to the offender. Traces the evolution of practices based on philosophies of retribution, deterrence, and rehabilitation. Reviews contemporary correctional activities and their relationships to other aspects of the criminal justice system.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 150 - Introduction to Security Administration
Introduces the student to the field of private security--its history, structures, functions, and personnel; surveys the principles and practices of security administration.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 154 - Intelligence and Technology Analysis
Introduces students to operational knowledge of intelligence gathering and analysis, including those through technology and pertinent to homeland security. Outlines basic intelligence policies and functions of the US Government and articulates the meaning and purpose for the Intelligence Reform & Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004. Evaluates dependability and reliability of source (including technology) information. Identifies methods and/or techniques for obtaining intelligence and its analysis and discusses various intelligence gathering techniques and threats to national and international safety and security.
3 Credits. Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
View ADJ 154 Course Content Summary
ADJ 157 - Computer Security
Examines security concerns with access controls, shutdown alternatives, hardware and software protection, and data encryption.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 159 - Physical Security
Studies the various forms of perimeter barriers which impact upon security operations; examines insurance considerations, underwriters licensing certification, fire prevention and fire code regulations, and the general health and safety requirements for all employees and contact persons within the organization.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 160 - Police Response to Critical Incidents
Provides a basic introduction to incident command and emerging trends. Addresses bomb threats; hostage/barricade situations; attacks on institutions such as schools and hospitals; criminal hazmat; terrorist, militia/paramilitary, and extended crime scene evidence collection scenarios; and other long term or large scale events.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 163 - Crime Analysis and Intelligence
Provides a basic introduction to crime analysis and criminal intelligence. covers the need, structure and function within the law enforcement agency, relevant law, and future trends.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 164 - Case Studies in Murder/Violent Crime
Introduces the student to the investigation of murder and other violent crimes by means of classic case studies and, to the extent feasible, local case files. Includes methodology, strategy and tactics, analysis, relevant law, and future trends. Covers evidentiary techniques and technologies with a primary focus on how critical thinking is applied to serious violent crime.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 169 - Transportation and Border Security
Discusses substantive issues regarding transportation security within the role of Homeland Security measures implemented by the United States. Introduces the student to and examine global preparedness from a transportation perspective. Considers the interrelationship among natural disasters, and sustainable infrastructure. Describes intermodal and integrated transportation and physical models of movement and discusses mobility as a cultural lifeline.
Lecture 3 hours per week. 3 credits.
3 credits
View ADJ 169 Course Content Summary
ADJ 170 - Steet Gangs and Law Enforcement
Teaches the philosophy and history of gangs in America through the eyes of law enforcement, courts, corrections and the citizenry. Examines methods by which law enforcement defines the gang problem and intervenes in gang membership. Explores gang globalization; differentiates street gangs and terrorist cells.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 171 - Forensic Science I
Introduces student to crime scene technology, procedures for sketching, diagramming and using casting materials. Surveys the concepts of forensic chemistry, fingerprint classification/identification and latent techniques, drug identification, hair and fiber evidence, death investigation techniques, thin-layer chromatographic methods, and arson materials examination. Part I of II.
Lecture 3-4 hours. Laboratory 0-3 hours. Total 3-6 hours per week.
3-4 credits
ADJ 172 - Forensic Science II
Introduces student to crime scene technology, procedures for sketching, diagramming and using casting materials. Surveys the concepts of forensic chemistry, fingerprint classification/identification and latent techniques, drug identification, hair and fiber evidence, death investigation techniques, thin-layer chromatographic methods, and arson materials examination. Part II of II.
Lecture 3-4 hours. Laboratory 0-3 hours. Total 3-6 hours per week.
3-4 credits
ADJ 173 - Forensic Photography I
Surveys fundamental photographic skills--exposure, composition, film, filters, darkroom materials and procedures. Emphasizes use of photography for law enforcement purposes and for courtroom presentation. Considers current status and trends in photographic law. Part I of II.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 174 - Forensic Photography II
Surveys fundamental photographic skills--exposure, composition, film, filters, darkroom materials and procedures. Emphasizes use of photography for law enforcement purposes and for courtroom presentation. Considers current status and trends in photographic law. Part II of II.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 186 - Forensic Psychology
Introduces student to the constructs of criminal psychology. Introduces the student to the exploration of criminal investigative analysis, VI-CAP, mental disorders and the etiology of certain criminal behaviors.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 197 - Cooperative Education
Supervises in on-the-job training for pay in approved business, industrial and service firms, coordinated by the college's cooperative education office. Is applicable to all occupational- technical curricula at the discretion of the college.
Credit/work ratio not to exceed 1:5 hours. May be repeated for credit. Variable hours.
1-5 credits
ADJ 198 - Seminar and Project
Requires completion of a project or research report related to the student's occupational objectives and a study of approaches to the selection and pursuit of career opportunities in the field.
May be repeated for credit. Variable hours.
1-5 credits
ADJ 199 - Supervised Study
Assigns problems for independent study incorporating previous instruction and supervised by the instructor.
May be repeated for credit. Variable hours.
1-5 credits
ADJ 211 - Criminal Law, Evidence and Procedures I
Teaches the elements of proof for major and common crimes and the legal classification of offenses. Studies the kinds, degrees and admissibility of evidence and its presentation in criminal proceedings with emphasis on legal guidelines for methods and techniques of evidence acquisition. Surveys the procedural requirements from arrest to final disposition in the various American court systems with focus on the Virginia jurisdiction. Part I of II.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 212 - Criminal Law, Evidence and Procedures II
Teaches the elements of proof for major and common crimes and the legal classification of offenses. Studies the kinds, degrees and admissibility of evidence and its presentation in criminal proceedings with emphasis on legal guidelines for methods and techniques of evidence acquisition. Surveys the procedural requirements from arrest to final disposition in the various American court systems with focus on the Virginia jurisdiction. Part II of II.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 215 - Report Writing
Introduces the basic mechanics and procedures of report writing; emphasizes clear, concise and accurate writing of communications as they relate to law enforcement records, investigations, and research.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 216 - Organized Crime and Corruption
Addresses judicial efforts against and involvement in corruption, drug, vice, and white-collar crimes, both individual and organized.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 227 - Constitutional Law for Justice Personnel
Surveys the basic guarantees of liberty described in the U. S. Constitution and the historical development of these restrictions on government power, primarily through U. S. Supreme Court decisions. Reviews rights of free speech, press, assembly, as well as criminal procedure guarantees (to counsel, jury trial, habeas corpus, etc.) as they apply to the activities of those in the criminal justice system.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 228 - Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs
Surveys the historical and current usage of narcotics and dangerous drugs. Teaches the identification and classification of such drugs and emphasizes the symptoms and effects on their users. Examines investigative methods and procedures utilized in law enforcement efforts against illicit drug usage.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 229 - Law Enforcement and the Community
Considers current efforts by law enforcement personnel to achieve an effective working relationship with the community. Surveys and analyzes various interactive approaches of law enforcement agencies and the citizenry they serve.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 232 - Domestic Violence
Surveys historical issues that have affected family violence. Examines current trends in the context of the criminal justice system.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 234 - Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism
Surveys the historical and current practices of terrorism that are national, transnational, or domestic in origin. Includes biological, chemical, nuclear, and cyber-terrorism. Teaches the identification and classification of terrorist organizations, violent political groups and issue-oriented militant movements. Examines investigative methods and procedures utilized in counter terrorist efforts domestically and internationally.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 236 - Principles of Criminal Investigation
Surveys the fundamentals of criminal investigation procedures and techniques. Examines crime scene search, collecting, handling and preserving of evidence.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 237 - Advanced Criminal Investigation
Introduces specialized tools and scientific aids used in criminal investigation. Applies investigative techniques to specific situations and preparation of trial evidence. Prerequisite ADJ 236 or divisional approval.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 240 - Techniques of Interviewing
Provides the student with essential skills and techniques necessary to obtain quality information from victims, witnesses, and suspects, regarding criminal activity. Emphasizes locations and settings for interviews, kinesics, proxemics, and paralinguistics of both the interviewer and interviewee.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 241 - Correctional Law
Studies the legal rights and obligations of the convict- probationer, inmate, and parolee. surveys methods of enforcing both rights and obligations and the responsibilities of corrections agencies and personnel under correctional law (constitutional, statutory, and regulatory provisions).
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 243 - Homeland Security and Law
Covers relationships abroad, the mission of federal, state, and local government at home, and the best way to provide for the common defense. Examines homeland security and emergency management, the Federal Emergency Management Agency's place in public policy, law, and management, homeland security initiatives, and new partnerships for homeland security covering the government, private sector and higher education. Discusses civil rights issues, the USA Patriot Act; future challenges and roles of intelligence agencies; foreign policy aspects and views.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite ADJ 111
3 credits
View ADJ 243 Course Content Summary
ADJ 244 - Terrorism Response Planning
Builds an understanding of terrorism, and the past, present, and future national and international responses to terrorism and the defense against it. Teaches the knowledge and skills necessary to assist State and local emergency managers in planning for and managing a response to a terrorist incident.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 245 - Management of Correctional Facilities
Describes management options and operational implications for staffing, security, safety, and treatment. Considers impact of changes in public policy on corrections.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 247 - Criminal Behavior
Introduces and evaluates the concepts of normal and abnormal behavior. Focuses on the psychological and sociological aspects of criminal and other deviant behavior patterns.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 248 - Probation, Parole, and Treatment
Surveys the philosophy, history, organization, personnel and functioning of traditional and innovative probation and parole programs; considers major treatment models for clients.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 250 - Global Security Concepts for Law Enforcement and National Security
Identifies and examines the interrelationship of significant global issues and events that affect local and national crime and security interests of the United States. Emphasizes the economic dimensions of international events and the transnational ripple effect they have on the security and well-being of others residing in distant localities or lands. Explores issues of cooperation and coordination of investigative and prosecutive activities in a global environment.
3 creditsLecture Hours:3 Laboratory Hours: 0 Total Contact Hours: 3
None
3 credits
View ADJ 250 Course Content Summary
ADJ 252 - Counterintelligence Concepts for Law Enforcement and National Security
Studies the role national security agencies and law enforcement play in counterintelligence programs to identify and thwart hostile criminal activities against United States citizens, businesses, corporations, and U.S. national interests by foreign governments, organizations, and individuals. Focuses on the role of ethical and moral counterintelligence activities and investigations in a democratic society.
3 CreditsLecture Hours: 3Laboratory Hours: 0Total Contact Hours: 3
None
3 credits
View ADJ 252 Course Content Summary
ADJ 255 - Security Management
Examines the major management operations of planning, organizing, staffing, directing and controlling the private security unit. Reviews the functions of management, implementation of institutional programs and development of staff.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 257 - Loss Prevention
Studies internal and external theft that affects all private and public operations, with focus on retail businesses. Examines and evaluates major loss prevention programs used by security operations, again with focus on retail security.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 275 - Forensic Pathology
Introduces the pathology and physiology of the human body with emphasis on scientific name and technique used in medico-legal investigations of death. Studies types of death, the mechanisms of death and death reflex, and the determining of the cause of death by postmortem examination.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 278 - Firearms and Tool-Mark Identification
Introduces the role of the firearms examiner in forensic science. Teaches the examination techniques and procedures for identifying firearms, tool-marks, ammunition, projectiles and projectile fragments. Instructs on the topics of determining muzzle-to-target distance, gunshot residue tests, firearms nomenclature, comparative micrography, serial number restoration, and the collecting, handling, and presenting of firearms and tool-mark evidence.
Lecture 2-3 hours per week.
2-3 credits
ADJ 295 - Topics In
Provides an opportunity to explore topical areas of interest to or needed by students.
May be used also for special honors courses. May be repeated for credit. Variable hours.
1-5 credits
ADJ 297 - Cooperative Education
Supervises in on-the-job training for pay in approved business, industrial and service firms, coordinated by the college's cooperative education office. Is applicable to all occupational- technical curricula at the discretion of the college.
Credit/work ratio not to exceed 1:5 hours. May be repeated for credit. Variable hours.
1-6 credits
ADJ 298 - Seminar and Project
Requires completion of a project or research report related to the student's occupational objectives and a study of approaches to the selection and pursuit of career opportunities in the field.
May be repeated for credit. Variable hours.
1-5 credits
ADJ 299 - Supervised Study
Assigns problems for independent study incorporating previous instruction and supervised by the instructor.
May be repeated for credit. Variable hours.
1-5 credits