Administration of Justice (ADJ) at Virginia Western Community College


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ADJ 100 - Survey of Criminal Justice
Presents an overview of the United States criminal justice system; introduces the major system components--law enforcement, judiciary, and corrections.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 105 - The Juvenile Justice System
Presents the evolution, philosophy, structures and processes of the American juvenile delinquency system; surveys the right of juveniles, dispositional alternatives, rehabilitation methods and current trends.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 107 - Survey of Criminology
Surveys the volume and scope of crime; considers a variety of theories developed to explain the causation of crime and criminality.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 110 - Introduction to Law Enforcement
Studies the philosophy and history of law enforcement, presenting an overview of the crime problem and policy response issues. Surveys the jurisdictions and organizations of local, state, and federal law enforcement agencies. Examines the qualification requirements and career opportunities in the law enforcement profession.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 111 - Law Enforcement Organization & Administration I
Teaches the principles of organization and administration of law enforcement agencies. Studies the management of line operations, staff and auxiliary services, investigative and juvenile units. Introduces the concept of data processing; examines policies, procedures, rules, and regulations pertaining to crime prevention. Surveys concepts of protection of life and property, detection of offenses, and apprehension of offenders. Prerequisite for ADJ 112, divisional approval or ADJ 111. Part I of II.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 112 - Law Enforcement Organization & Administration II
Teaches the principles of organization and administration of law enforcement agencies. Studies the management of line operations, staff and auxiliary services, investigative and juvenile units. Introduces the concept of data processing; examines policies, procedures, rules, and regulations pertaining to crime prevention. Surveys concepts of protection of life and property, detection of offenses, and apprehension of offenders. Prerequisite for ADJ 112, divisional approval or ADJ 111. Part II of II.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 115 - Patrol Procedures
Describes, instructs and evaluates street-level procedures commonly employed by patrol officers in everyday law enforcement operations.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 116 - Special Enforcement Topics
Considers contemporary issues, problems, and controversies in modern law enforcement.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 117 - Police Communications and Records
Introduces the principles for the organization and administration of law enforcement communications and records. Examines relationships of custody, central services, and agency logistics to the communications and records operation.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 118 - Crisis Intervention and Critical Issues
Addresses basic problems involved in crisis intervention and current critical issues in law enforcement and the administration of justice; emphasizes practical approaches to discover and implement solutions.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 120 - Introduction to Courts
Presents an overview of the American judiciary--the federal and 50 state judicial systems--with emphasis on criminal court structures, functions, and personnel; surveys the judicial system in Commonwealth of Virginia.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 128 - Patrol Administration and Operations
Studies the goals, methods and techniques of police patrol with focus on the norms which govern work behavior in a police career. Examines the responsibilities of administrators and field supervisors of patrol in the local and state law enforcement agencies.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 130 - Introduction to Criminal Law
Surveys the general principles of American criminal law, the elements of major crimes, and the basic steps of prosecution procedure.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 131 - Legal Evidence
Surveys the identification, degrees, and admissibility of evidence for criminal prosecution; examines pre-trial and trial procedures as they pertain to the rules of evidence.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 133 - Ethics and the Criminal Justice Professional
Examines ethical dilemmas pertaining to the criminal justice system, including those in policing, courts and corrections. Focuses on some of the specific ethical choices that must be made by the criminal justice professional.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 134 - Collection and Preservation of Physical Evidence
Surveys fundamental evidence collection procedures, including recognition, selection, handling, packaging and marking. Examines ways to prevent alteration, contamination, damage and tampering. Emphasizes legal requirements for a continuous chain of possession.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 139 - Private Detectives/Investigators
Instructs the student in investigative techniques, criminal law and procedure, rules of evidence, the techniques and mechanics of arrest. Meets state certification requirements for private investigators licensing.
Lecture 3-5 hours per week.
3-5 credits
ADJ 140 - Introduction to Corrections
Focuses on societal responses to the offender. Traces the evolution of practices based on philosophies of retribution, deterrence, and rehabilitation. Reviews contemporary correctional activities and their relationships to other aspects of the criminal justice system.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 145 - Corrections and the Community
Studies and evaluates the relationships and interactions between correctional organizations and free society. Focuses on the shared responsibility of the community and corrections agencies to develop effective programs for management and treatment of criminal offenders.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 146 - Adult Correctional Institutions
Describes the structures, functions, and goals of state and federal correctional institutions (prisons, farms, community-based units, etc.) for adult inmates.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 147 - Local Adult Detention Facilities
Studies security procedures in adult detention facilities, the criteria for effective supervision of inmates, the correctional aspects of inmate discipline, and the handling of "special inmates." Presents concepts, programs, and planning considerations for jail management and the operation of adult detention facilities.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 150 - Introduction to Security Administration
Introduces the student to the field of private security--its history, structures, functions, and personnel; surveys the principles and practices of security administration.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 157 - Computer Security
Examines security concerns with access controls, shutdown alternatives, hardware and software protection, and data encryption.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 159 - Physical Security
Studies the various forms of perimeter barriers which impact upon security operations; examines insurance considerations, underwriters licensing certification, fire prevention and fire code regulations, and the general health and safety requirements for all employees and contact persons within the organization.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 164 - Case Studies in Murder/Violent Crime
Introduces the student to the investigation of murder and other violent crimes by means of classic case studies and, to the extent feasible, local case files. Includes methodology, strategy and tactics, analysis, relevant law, and future trends. Covers evidentiary techniques and technologies with a primary focus on how critical thinking is applied to serious violent crime.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 166 - Fish and Game Regulations
Surveys state and federal laws regulating inland fishing, water fowl and game animals.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 171 - Forensic Science I
Introduces student to crime scene technology, procedures for sketching, diagramming and using casting materials. Surveys the concepts of forensic chemistry, fingerprint classification/identification and latent techniques, drug identification, hair and fiber evidence, death investigation techniques, thin-layer chromatographic methods, and arson materials examination. Part I of II.
Lecture 3-4 hours. Laboratory 0-3 hours. Total 3-6 hours per week.
3-4 credits
ADJ 172 - Forensic Science II
Introduces student to crime scene technology, procedures for sketching, diagramming and using casting materials. Surveys the concepts of forensic chemistry, fingerprint classification/identification and latent techniques, drug identification, hair and fiber evidence, death investigation techniques, thin-layer chromatographic methods, and arson materials examination. Part II of II.
Lecture 3-4 hours. Laboratory 0-3 hours. Total 3-6 hours per week.
3-4 credits
ADJ 173 - Forensic Photography I
Surveys fundamental photographic skills--exposure, composition, film, filters, darkroom materials and procedures. Emphasizes use of photography for law enforcement purposes and for courtroom presentation. Considers current status and trends in photographic law. Part I of II.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 186 - Forensic Psychology
Introduces student to the constructs of criminal psychology. Introduces the student to the exploration of criminal investigative analysis, VI-CAP, mental disorders and the etiology of certain criminal behaviors.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 190 - Coordinated Internship
Supervises on-the-job training in selected business, industrial or service firms coordinated by the college.
Credit/practice ratio not to exceed 1:5 hours. May be repeated for credit. Variable hours.
1-5 credits
ADJ 195 - Topics In
Provides an opportunity to explore topical areas of interest to or needed by students.
May be used also for special honors courses. May be repeated for credit. Variable hours.
1-5 credits
ADJ 199 - Supervised Study
Assigns problems for independent study incorporating previous instruction and supervised by the instructor.
May be repeated for credit. Variable hours.
1-5 credits
ADJ 201 - Criminology
Studies current and historical data pertaining to criminal and other deviant behavior. Examines theories that explain crime and criminal behavior in human society.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 205 - Causes of Crime and Delinquency
Teaches the principal causes, conditions, motives and other influences which tend to encourage young persons or adults to become involved in illegal acts or criminal careers, crime and delinquency rates. Adult and juvenile justice systems will also be compared and studied.
Lecture 3 hours. Total 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 211 - Criminal Law, Evidence and Procedures I
Teaches the elements of proof for major and common crimes and the legal classification of offenses. Studies the kinds, degrees and admissibility of evidence and its presentation in criminal proceedings with emphasis on legal guidelines for methods and techniques of evidence acquisition. Surveys the procedural requirements from arrest to final disposition in the various American court systems with focus on the Virginia jurisdiction. Part I of II.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 212 - Criminal Law, Evidence and Procedures II
Teaches the elements of proof for major and common crimes and the legal classification of offenses. Studies the kinds, degrees and admissibility of evidence and its presentation in criminal proceedings with emphasis on legal guidelines for methods and techniques of evidence acquisition. Surveys the procedural requirements from arrest to final disposition in the various American court systems with focus on the Virginia jurisdiction. Part II of II.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 215 - Report Writing
Introduces the basic mechanics and procedures of report writing; emphasizes clear, concise and accurate writing of communications as they relate to law enforcement records, investigations, and research.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 216 - Organized Crime and Corruption
Addresses judicial efforts against and involvement in corruption, drug, vice, and white-collar crimes, both individual and organized.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 225 - Courts and the Administration of Justice
Studies court systems with emphasis on the technical procedures required, from incident occurrence to final disposition of the case, noting the applicable principles of civil and criminal law; focuses on Virginia courts, laws, and procedures. Prerequisite ADJ 130 or divisional approval.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 227 - Constitutional Law for Justice Personnel
Surveys the basic guarantees of liberty described in the U. S. Constitution and the historical development of these restrictions on government power, primarily through U. S. Supreme Court decisions. Reviews rights of free speech, press, assembly, as well as criminal procedure guarantees (to counsel, jury trial, habeas corpus, etc.) as they apply to the activities of those in the criminal justice system.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 228 - Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs
Surveys the historical and current usage of narcotics and dangerous drugs. Teaches the identification and classification of such drugs and emphasizes the symptoms and effects on their users. Examines investigative methods and procedures utilized in law enforcement efforts against illicit drug usage.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 229 - Law Enforcement and the Community
Considers current efforts by law enforcement personnel to achieve an effective working relationship with the community. Surveys and analyzes various interactive approaches of law enforcement agencies and the citizenry they serve.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 232 - Domestic Violence
Surveys historical issues that have affected family violence. Examines current trends in the context of the criminal justice system.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 234 - Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism
Surveys the historical and current practices of terrorism that are national, transnational, or domestic in origin. Includes biological, chemical, nuclear, and cyber-terrorism. Teaches the identification and classification of terrorist organizations, violent political groups and issue-oriented militant movements. Examines investigative methods and procedures utilized in counter terrorist efforts domestically and internationally.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 236 - Principles of Criminal Investigation
Surveys the fundamentals of criminal investigation procedures and techniques. Examines crime scene search, collecting, handling and preserving of evidence.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 237 - Advanced Criminal Investigation
Introduces specialized tools and scientific aids used in criminal investigation. Applies investigative techniques to specific situations and preparation of trial evidence. Prerequisite ADJ 236 or divisional approval.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 241 - Correctional Law
Studies the legal rights and obligations of the convict- probationer, inmate, and parolee. surveys methods of enforcing both rights and obligations and the responsibilities of corrections agencies and personnel under correctional law (constitutional, statutory, and regulatory provisions).
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 245 - Management of Correctional Facilities
Describes management options and operational implications for staffing, security, safety, and treatment. Considers impact of changes in public policy on corrections.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 246 - Correctional Counseling
Presents concepts and principles of interviewing and counseling as applied in the correctional setting.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 247 - Criminal Behavior
Introduces and evaluates the concepts of normal and abnormal behavior. Focuses on the psychological and sociological aspects of criminal and other deviant behavior patterns.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 248 - Probation, Parole, and Treatment
Surveys the philosophy, history, organization, personnel and functioning of traditional and innovative probation and parole programs; considers major treatment models for clients.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 255 - Security Management
Examines the major management operations of planning, organizing, staffing, directing and controlling the private security unit. Reviews the functions of management, implementation of institutional programs and development of staff.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 275 - Forensic Pathology
Introduces the pathology and physiology of the human body with emphasis on scientific name and technique used in medico-legal investigations of death. Studies types of death, the mechanisms of death and death reflex, and the determining of the cause of death by postmortem examination.
Lecture 3 hours per week.
3 credits
ADJ 278 - Firearms and Tool-Mark Identification
Introduces the role of the firearms examiner in forensic science. Teaches the examination techniques and procedures for identifying firearms, tool-marks, ammunition, projectiles and projectile fragments. Instructs on the topics of determining muzzle-to-target distance, gunshot residue tests, firearms nomenclature, comparative micrography, serial number restoration, and the collecting, handling, and presenting of firearms and tool-mark evidence.
Lecture 2-3 hours per week.
2-3 credits
ADJ 290 - Coordinated Internship
Supervises on-the-job training in selected business, industrial or service firms coordinated by the college.
Credit/practice ratio not to exceed 1:5 hours. May be repeated for credit. Variable hours.
1-5 credits
ADJ 295 - Topics In
Provides an opportunity to explore topical areas of interest to or needed by students.
May be used also for special honors courses. May be repeated for credit. Variable hours.
1-5 credits
ADJ 298 - Seminar and Project
Requires completion of a project or research report related to the student's occupational objectives and a study of approaches to the selection and pursuit of career opportunities in the field.
May be repeated for credit. Variable hours.
1-5 credits